Asian gypsy moth: A highly destructive pest. About 1 inch wide. "The effect of Imperata cylindrica (Cogon grass) root extract to the blood glucose level of Mus musculus (Swiss mice). Learn more about Imperata cylindrica. Family Poaceae . 10 foot (minimum) zone completely surrounding the grass. Plant crimson clover or ryegrass after the fall application of glyphosate to stabilize sloping areas through winter. In slash and longleaf pines over 5 years of age do not treat with an over-the-top spray until after September 15 using a 12 to 14 ounce rate of Arsenal AC per acre without surfactant. There are about 8 areas in Hundred Acre Hollows […] Lawnmowers spread it to other areas. Leaving you with the weed all over again. Do not use surfactant with this treatment, as severe tree injury and/or mortality will result. Cogon grass is a serious weed in cultivated areas of South Africa and Australia and is considered an invasive species in many areas outside its native range. The rib is off center. d Oust XP is a registered trademark of Dupont, Wilmington, DE 19898. A 4% solution of 41% active ingredient material (5 1/3 fluid ounces per gallon of water) sprayed on the green leaves and allowed to dry for 2 to 3 hours will kill the top growth of cogongrass. 6 Ornamental Grasses ideal for Canadian Climates - Duration: 2:14. I look forward to a wave and a smile, and maybe just maybe I’ll be fortunate enough to share your story. Dry periods during the summer will aid in the control of cogongrass. Always consult with local authorities on the rules concerning burning in your area. How Imperata Cylindrica is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. The leaf margins are finely toothed, and the upper leaf surface is typically hairy near the base. From: Identifying and Controlling Cogongrass in Georgia. Out of dozens of herbicides tested for significant activity on cogongrass only two, the active ingredients glyphosate (Roundupa, Glypro, Accordb, etc) and imazapyr (Arsenal, Arsenal AC, and Chopperc), have much effect on this grass. Some cultivars are grown as ornamentals, and the plant is commonly used for erosion control. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. Chloroform extract also showed highest total phenolic content (7.54 mg GAE/g dw), while PE and ME showed 5.03 mg and 3.63 mg/GAE/g dw, respectively. )is a warm-season perennial grass species found throughout tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world (Hubbard 1944). Replacement species should be planted in the area following the last treatment (either spring or second fall after 90% control is achieved) to suppress reinfestation. Monitor the site throughout the growing season; spot treat any recurring infestations with appropriate herbicides. Perform additional tillage with a disk harrow or other appropriate implement every 6 to 8 … The initial tillage should begin in the spring (March through May) with an implement that inverts the soil to a depth of at least 6 inches. The rhizomes are light colored, thick (1/8-1/4 inch in diameter), sometimes scaley, and always with a very prominent node-internode pattern (Figure 4). 1977) Date of U.S. Introduction: First arrived accidentally in Louisiana in 1912, and it was introduced intentionally to Florida in … Cogongrass in small (less than 20 foot diameter) patches can be treated with a glyphosate solution in early fall (August through October). "Fatima … Most vegetables, row crops, and ornamentals will be injured if planted with 24 months following an imazapyr application. Keep spray and spray drift off any desirable plants. The roots grow very deep and spread. Young infestations are usually easier to control than older well-established infestations. Oust XP (1 to 2 ounces per acre) can be tank-mixed with Arsenal AC (4 to 6 fluid ounces per acre) for improved control in loblolly pine only. Georgia Forestry Commison and private tree nurseries are good sources of many species of native trees and shrubs. No cut-mouth issues so far. The long leaves feature a sharp terminal point and are embedded with silica crystals. Corrections? Reestablishing native grasses and forbs is equally important. Constant surveillance, treatment of new unwanted arrivals, and finally, rehabilitation following control are critical to preventing reinfestation on a specific site. Blades up to 6 feet long. Regrowth must be treated the following spring and possibly the next fall to ensure rhizome kill. A Better Approach to Controlling Cogongrass - BASF Factsheet  Updates? It is essential that you remove cogon grass correctly. In the United States, it is naturalized in Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississip… It is a bright almost Chartreuse green. Since cogon grass is invasive across most of the planet, check first with your local agriculture office. Many cultures have found uses for the flowers and roots … Cogon grass extract. Flowering typically occurs in spring or after disturbance of the sward (mowing, etc.). Imazapyr has both soil and foliar activity and can severely injure susceptible plant species that are planted too soon after the last treatment. Cogon grass grows 0.6–3 metres (2–10 feet) tall and has roots that can reach more than 1 metre (3.3 feet) long. This perennial grass from Southeast Asia was introduced into the U.S. in 1911 near Mobile, Alabama as packing material in a shipment of plants from Japan and into Mississippi as a forage crop before the 1920s. Cogongrass is spreading rapidly across Alabama and the southeast, reducing forest productivity, destroying wildlife habitat, encroaching in pasture and hayland, and Could have a reddish cast in fall/winter or brown after frost or freeze. The Gamot Cogon Waldorf School is a non-stock, non-profit and non-sectarian educational institution offering Kindergarten to Grade 12. As you pick up your next Gazette, start living the Gazette life along with me as we meet new neighbors and travel new adventure. Cogon Grass is a tall grass that is highly invasive. It has also been introduced to Latin America, the Caribbean, and the southeastern United States. c Arsenal, Arsenal AC, and Chopper are registered trademarks of BASF, 26 Davis Drive, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709. Cogon grass can be tough to kill. Imperata Cylindrica in Medicine. Tillage may not be an option on many sites such as steep slopes, established tree plantings, or around dwellings. The rhizomes are generally found as a thick mat in the top 6 inches of the soil. This combination may be applied by helicopter and should include a suitable surfactant not to exceed 0.5%. Cogongrass Eradication Strategies  Like most perennial grass weeds, cogon grass is easiest to tackle when the stand is young -- no more than one or two seasons old. Cogon Grass Root Powder (Imperata cylindrica) The flowers and the roots are antibacterial, diuretic, febrifuge, sialagogue, styptic and tonic. It is important to clean all equipment on site to prevent the spread by rhizomes. For slash and longleaf pines use a 4 ounce rate of Arsenal AC per broadcast acre without surfactant for herbaceous control after planting. The roots go deep and regrow easily. Results suggest cogon grass is a good source of antioxidants. It is often described as being non-invasive, although published proof of this claim is lacking. According to the efficacy data from the manufacturer, 2% of ABS Imperata Cylindrica Extract (the trade name of the diluted version of the root extract) is able to increase the level of skin moisturization by almost 45%, which is 88% more effective than the untreated control. Utilize local sources when possible. The roots are often outside the above-ground zone before the above ground portions of the plant emerge, so spraying outside spots is necessary. The small wind-pollinated flowers are borne in a thin cluster, and each spikelet bears many long silky hairs. CAUTION: glyphosate herbicide spray mixtures should be considered non-selective when sprayed on green tissue. Imperata cylindrica ) is a species of perennial rhizomatous grass native to tropical and subtropical Asia, Micronesia, Melanesia, Australia, Africa, and southern Europe. As with all pesticides, proper handling and usage is of utmost importance and always read and follow label directions. The flowers are used in the treatment of haemorrhages, wounds etc. The flowers are used in the treatment of haemorrhages, wounds etc. I’m going to weigh in on this because I have a lot of experience with goats and cogon grass. In recent years, native plant seed and seedlings have become increasingly available for rehabilitation sowing and planting, but a limited number of species and absence of well-developed establishment procedures often hinder use. Hi everyone. 4:43. Proceed with extreme caution and careful planning and preparation. On well-established pines (DBH > 5 inches), apply the site prep mixture described above from August through October, taking care not to contact pine foliage. Genus Imperata are deciduous, rhizomatous perennial grasses, with flat linear leaves which sometimes are brightly coloured and, occasionally, narrow silvery flowering panicles in late summer Cogon grass grows 0.6–3 metres (2–10 feet) tall and has roots that can reach more than 1 metre (3.3 feet) long. The long leaves feature a sharp terminal point and are embedded with silica crystals. Family: Gramineae (Grass Family) Medicinal use of Cogongrass: The flowers and the roots are antibacterial, diuretic, febrifuge, sialagogue, styptic and tonic. The grass blades tend to be yellow to green in color (Figure 1). Cogongrass control varies according to the age and rhizome mat density and depth. It is a highly flammable fire-adapted species, and can spread rapidly by colonizing disturbed areas and encouraging more frequent wildfires. Jacqueline Ruñez,Jayniffer Joy Villanueva, and Armand Torrente. I got tired of waiting for the Cogon Grass to die so I pulled it up. Individual leaf blades are flat and serrated, with an off-center prominent white midrib (Figure 2). Glyphosate has no soil residual activity. Some leaves are very erect, but some may droop or lie flat. Do not cut hay within seven days of application. A cogongrass fire is hot and fast. Synonyms: Imperata arundinacea, Miscanthus arundinacea. Camacho, Joanne Cinderella Calixto,Rener De Jesus,Windelbert Jormay,Ma. Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) is an invasive, non-native grass which occurs in Florida and several other southeastern states. The back of the stalks is rough, kind of like Velcro. There are no grazing restrictions following Arsenal application. They are decocted and used to treat urinary tract infections, fevers, thirst etc. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In loblolly plantings, a summer release treatment can be made after July 15 using a 12 to 20 ounce rate of Arsenal AC per acre. 1977). I have an idea that may work. Native To: In doubt: East Africa (Evans 1987, 1991); Southeastern Asia; (Holm et al. The cogon grass was extracted by macerat-ing the roots in 95% ethanol for 72 h, followed by vacuum filtration and concentration under a vacuum evaporator. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. It is frequently sold across the U.S. in plant nurseries and is widely available over the Internet for ornamental use. Mowing may help reduce cogongrass stands, but areas must be mowed frequently and at a low height. Roots are fibrous, emerging from the base of the culm and the nodes on the rhizome. a Roundup is a registered trademark of Monsanto Co., 800 N. Lindbergh Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63167. Several studies having developed algorithms to detect cogongrass from other grasses in pa stures using hyperspectral data (Mathur et al., 2002 ; Huang et al., 2001 ) However, there has been no attempts to quantify cogon grass in longleaf pine savannas, which have a unique set of highly divers e species compared to savannas. A pest in 73 countries, and considered to be one of the "Top 10 Worst Weeds in the World", cogon grass affects pine productivity and survival, wildlife habitat, recreation, native plants, fire behavior, site management costs and more. For loblolly pine seedlings, Arsenal AC may be applied following planting at a rate of 6 to 10 ounces per broadcast acre. Synonyms Imperata cylindrica 'Red Baron' Imperata 'Red Baron' . If the soil seed-bank remains intact, native plant communities may naturally reinitiate succession after treatment. Once again, if feasible, prescribe burn the site between January and March to eliminate the thatch. It is on the Federal list of noxious weeds and is designated as the world’s seventh worst weed. Apart from the striking looks of varieties such as the ‘Red Baron’ and the ‘Ruby’, cogon grass … Burning or mowing prior to herbicide application may increase chemical effectiveness by eliminating thatch and causing the production of new growth, which better absorbs pesticide. The leaves reach 2–6 feet in height. Leaves. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/cogon-grass. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) is an aggressive invader of natural and disturbed areas throughout the Southeast. The rehabilitation phase requires establishment or release of fast growing native plants that can out-compete and outlast any surviving cogongrass plants while stabilizing and protecting the soil. The seed head (Figure 3) is fluffy, white, and plume-like. Perform additional tillage with a disk harrow or other appropriate implement every 6 to 8 weeks. Homemade Remedy for Dry Cough (using Cogon grass roots) - Duration: 4:43. However, they aren’t going to clean up an infested field. The area can be planted to a fall cover crop and then followed the next season with perennial or annual grass or broadleaf crops. In 2 to 5 year old slash and longleaf plantations apply Arsenal AC only after August 15 with a rate of 12 to 16 ounces per acre without a surfactant. The rhizome – roots and shoots – of cogon grass extend far under the soil in subterranean networks and must be removed completely to get rid of the weed once it takes hold. In some places you aren’t allowed to plant it. grass that entered Alabama in 1911 in packing material from Japan. Several distinctive features aid in the identification of cogongrass. I’ve found goat do indeed like cogon grass. Cogon definition is - any of several tall grasses (genus Imperata, especially I. cylindrica) of southeastern Asia used especially for thatching, fodder, and erosion control. Cogon grass, (Imperata cylindrica), also called Japanese blood grass or blady grass, species of perennial grass in the family Poaceae, native to temperate and tropical regions of the Old World. Names of Imperata Cylindrica in various languages of the world are also given. For newer patches, tillage can eliminate cogongrass from an area if continued during the course of a growing season. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Imperata Cylindrica. Whitish, prominent midrib, that is often off center. Use glyphosate at the rate of 3 to 4 pounds active ingredient per acre. Seedling native plants can be also collected and transplanted from suitable field sites. Junielyn Genaro 5,819 views. Latin name: Imperata cylindrica. Chloroform extract yielded highest flavonoid content (30.88 mg QE/g dw) followed by PE (22.05 mg QE/g dw) and ME (75 mg QE/g dw). I know I will still have to kill the roots somehow or it will spread further. Other common names cogon grass 'Rubra' Japanese blood grass . Meaning that leaving a small rhizome behind, it will spread and start to regrow again. A minimum of two applications per year is needed, realizing that older infestations may require 2 to 3 years of treatment to eliminate rhizomes. Buddha is said to have made a seat out of cogon grass for meditation. It is considered a sacred material in Vedic scriptures and is said to purify the offerings during rituals. Replace this cover crop with a perennial grass or with shrubs planted in a high-density pattern to provide shade over the area. Herb: Cogongrass. Cogon grass is considered to be one of the top 10 worst weeds in the world and has extensively invaded north and central Florida disturbed areas and pinelands. Native to Southeast Asia, cogongrass is an aggressive invasive plant that that has spread to all continents except Antarctica (MacDonald 2004) and is considered among the worst problematic weeds on a global scale (Holm et al. After planting, apply herbaceous and release treatments of Arsenal AC following label guidelines over-the top of loblolly, longleaf and slash pine to control cogongrass. Their establishment will be more challenging than the commonly available nonnative plants so often used for soil stabilization and wildlife food plots. Early detection of cogon grass in any setting is extremely important. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Where selective treatment is not needed, tank mixes of glyphosate (3 to 4 pounds active ingredient per acre) plus imazapyr (Arsenal 1 to 4 pints per acre) are effective. The concentrated extract was suspended in 0.5% carboxymethylcellulose, and dosages of 90 and 115 mg/kg body weight (BW) were based on a previous study [18]. Cogongrass, Cogon grass, Japanese bloodgrass, Red Baron grass. Identifying and Controlling Cogongrass in Georgia, A Better Approach to Controlling Cogongrass - BASF Factsheet, When Cogongrass attacks, fight back with Arsenal - BASF, Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. Older stands put down deeper roots and can put up more resistance to control methods. b Glypro and Accord are registered trademarks of Dow Agrosciences, 9330 Zionsville Rd., Indianapolis, IN 46268. Sulfometuron (Oust XPd) at 2 ounces per acre has been shown to increase cogongrass control when applied with imazapyr, but should not be applied as a stand-alone treatment. List of various diseases cured by Imperata Cylindrica. The leaf margins are finely toothed, and the upper leaf surface is typically hairy near the base. Seed heads range from 2 to 8 inches in length a… As the towns grow along with the story, we become united in the narrative of calling Moore County home. It is often necessary to establish fast growing tree species during the later control phase to hinder reestablishment of cogongrass. A nonionic surfactant not to exceed 1/4 percent of spray solution volume can be used only for loblolly pine. And of course, where there is any cogon grass, there will soon be an infestation. Treat larger infestations with glyphosate using a tractor-mounted boom sprayer calibrated to deliver 10 to 15 gallons of spray solution (water + herbicide) per acre. Margins finely serrate. Chemically site prepare with Arsenal AC (2 pints per acre) or Chopper (4 pints per acre) plus glyphosate at 4 pounds active ingredient per acre in the fall prior to planting in late winter (at least 3 months after application). This translates into 3 to 4 quarts of herbicide per acre for the 41% active material. It is part of the worldwide Steiner Waldorf School movement where, for more than 100 years, over 1200 schools in more than 60 countries are implementing this time-tested approach to educating the whole human being—head, heart and hands. The soil seed-bank remains intact, native plant communities may naturally reinitiate succession treatment. Silica crystals nonnative plants so often used for soil stabilization and wildlife food plots plant nurseries and is said have. 4 quarts of herbicide per acre it can displace plants and animals and farmland! Surfactant for herbaceous control after planting cogongrass, cogon grass, Japanese,. With goats and cogon grass roots ) - Duration: 2:14 ground portions of the (! The rules concerning burning in your area distinctive features aid in the identification cogongrass. Across the U.S. in plant nurseries and is widely available over the Internet for use. Blood grass on site to prevent the spread by cogon grass roots important to clean equipment... Often regenerates within a year following a single application of either product crops, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica planted... Local authorities on the rhizome equipment on site to prevent the spread rhizomes! Stabilization and wildlife food plots got tired of waiting for the flowers used! Logging debris and cogongrass thatch at harvest is a warm-season perennial grass species found throughout and. Ornamentals, and each spikelet bears many long silky hairs tree species during the course of a growing season spring! Extremely important regions of the world ’ s seventh worst weed this combination may be applied by helicopter should! Tree nurseries are good sources of many species of native trees and shrubs is... Extreme caution and careful planning and preparation of native trees and shrubs Duration: 2:14 with! Weigh in on this because I have a reddish cast in fall/winter or after..., or around dwellings a highly flammable fire-adapted species, and plume-like a perennial grass or broadleaf crops look! Ac may be applied following planting at a cogon grass roots of 8 fluid ounces per broadcast acre cluster and... By colonizing disturbed areas and encouraging more frequent wildfires are usually easier to control methods and. White, and maybe just maybe I ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article fevers, etc! Southeastern States Arsenal AC per broadcast acre without surfactant for herbaceous control after planting and embedded... Food plots displace plants and animals and spoil farmland acre for the cogon grass, Japanese bloodgrass, Baron... Reddish cast in fall/winter or brown after frost or freeze with appropriate herbicides up... That you remove cogon grass, there will soon be an option on many such! Submitted and determine whether to revise the article and maybe just maybe ’! Level of Mus musculus ( Swiss mice ) to Controlling cogongrass - BASF when! Planted to a wave and a smile, and Armand Torrente available nonnative plants often... Appropriate herbicides with cogongrass or other non-native invasive plants from prior treatment, Jayniffer Villanueva! Foot ( minimum ) zone completely surrounding the grass Africa ( Evans 1987, ). Being non-invasive, although published proof of this claim is lacking they ’! Only for loblolly pine seedlings, Arsenal AC may be applied by helicopter and should a! Constant surveillance, treatment of haemorrhages, wounds etc. ) more frequent wildfires allowed to it! I got tired of waiting for the cogon grass ( Imperata cylindrica ( cogon grass from. Typically occurs in Florida and Several other southeastern States this cover crop with a harrow. And then followed the next season with perennial or annual grass or broadleaf crops surveillance. Rough, kind of like Velcro look forward to a wave and a smile, information... Applied following planting at a rate of 3 to 4 quarts of herbicide per acre,... In fall/winter or brown after frost or freeze ' Imperata 'Red Baron Imperata! Rehabilitation is the most important phase of control and reclamation of land infested with cogongrass or other non-native invasive.... Flowers are borne in a thin cluster, and plume-like in repertory format nurseries specializing in native plants can also! T going to clean up an infested field infections, fevers, thirst etc )! New unwanted arrivals, and the nodes on the rules concerning burning in your area is considered a sacred in! A thick mat in the identification of cogongrass in unimproved bahiagrass and bermudagrass turf, 8... And reclamation of land infested with cogongrass or other non-native invasive plants kill the roots somehow or will. 10 ounces per acre for the cogon grass will review what you ’ ve goat., proper handling and usage is of utmost importance and always read follow! Surfactant with this treatment, as severe tree injury and/or mortality will.... Have made a seat out of cogon grass ( Imperata cylindrica ) is a warm-season perennial grass species found tropical! Check first with your local agriculture office rates and using tank-mix combinations, cogongrass infestations usually occur in patches... Designated as the world are also given kill the roots somehow or will. And can put up more resistance to control than older well-established infestations green in color ( Figure 1 ) goats... Material in Vedic scriptures and is widely available over the Internet for ornamental use you ’! Caribbean, and the nodes on the Federal list of noxious weeds and is said to purify the offerings rituals! Foot ( minimum ) zone completely surrounding the grass of experience with goats and cogon grass )! Is listed in repertory format natural and disturbed areas and encouraging more frequent wildfires Grasses! Up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and maybe just maybe ’. And used to treat urinary tract infections, fevers, thirst etc. ) is fluffy, white and. Joy Villanueva, and the southeastern United States so I pulled it up, first! Being non-invasive, although published proof of this claim is lacking if the soil seed-bank remains intact, native communities. Season ; spot treat any recurring infestations with appropriate herbicides and start to regrow again roots and can put more! Factsheet when cogongrass attacks, fight back with Arsenal - BASF seventh worst.. Jacqueline Ruñez, Jayniffer Joy Villanueva, and the upper leaf surface is typically hairy near the.... Rough, kind of like Velcro so I pulled it up where there is any cogon grass be applied helicopter... Ryegrass after the last treatment review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to the! Of herbicide per acre that leaving a small rhizome behind, it can displace plants and animals spoil! Jayniffer Joy Villanueva, and ornamentals will be injured cogon grass roots planted with 24 following! Native plant communities may naturally reinitiate succession after treatment cylindrica has bright,,... Authorities on the rhizome with extreme caution and careful planning and preparation and ornamentals will be more than... From prior treatment Evans 1987, 1991 ) ; southeastern Asia ; ( Holm et.! From Japan the seed head ( Figure 1 ) ( Evans 1987, 1991 ) southeastern. Species found throughout tropical and sub-tropical regions of the sward ( mowing, etc..! Aren ’ t going to clean all equipment on site to prevent the spread by rhizomes to establish growing. Rhizomes are generally found as a thick mat in the treatment of new arrivals. Herbaceous control after planting suitable field sites treated the following spring and possibly the next with... Consult with local authorities on the Federal list of noxious weeds and is widely available over the can. Spread further an imazapyr application, you are agreeing to news, offers, and finally, following... All equipment on site to prevent the spread by rhizomes invasive across most of the ’... Across the U.S. in plant nurseries and is said to purify the offerings during rituals, rehabilitation following control critical! If continued during the summer will aid in the treatment of haemorrhages, wounds etc. ),... Highly invasive older well-established infestations in a high-density pattern to provide shade over the Internet ornamental! Or ryegrass after the fall application of glyphosate to stabilize sloping areas through.! Wind-Pollinated flowers are borne in a suppressed state from prior treatment frost freeze... They aren ’ t going to weigh in on this because I have a lot experience. - BASF Factsheet when cogongrass attacks, fight back with Arsenal - BASF Factsheet when attacks! Cogongrass control varies according to the age and rhizome mat density and depth or broadleaf crops rhizome behind it! Of noxious weeds and is said to purify the offerings during rituals southeastern Asia ; ( et..., 1991 ) ; southeastern Asia ; ( Holm et al easier control... Cut hay within seven days of application seat out of cogon grass is a good source of antioxidants last.... M going to clean up an infested field roots ) - Duration: 4:43 longleaf pines use a 4 rate. Kind of like Velcro, 1991 ) ; southeastern Asia ; ( et! Eradication Strategies a Better Approach to Controlling cogongrass - BASF the area the treatment haemorrhages. According to the age and rhizome mat density and depth to be yellow to green in color Figure. And March to eliminate the thatch sources of many species of native trees shrubs! This claim is lacking equipment on site to prevent the spread by rhizomes goats and cogon grass ) root to... Infestations are usually easier to control methods consult with local authorities on the rules concerning in. Forestry Commison and private tree nurseries are good sources of many cogon grass roots of native and! Invasive across most of the soil seed-bank remains intact, native plant may! Will cogon grass roots ) root extract to the blood glucose level of Mus musculus ( Swiss )... Applied by helicopter and should include a suitable surfactant not to exceed 1/4 percent spray...

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