Agree with above comment about Windmill palms not planted much in the “deep south” areas of the USA. Just wondering, are you on the coast? In fact, it is often seen in photographs covered in a layer of snow and ice. These trees have been here 22 years. The biggest issue with these is loss of the growth bud in the crown – that kills palms outright. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. Windmill Palms have a rather slender single stem that is 8 to 10 inches in diameter and is typically a bit narrower at the base than at the top. How Fast Do Windmill Palm Trees Grow? Carefree and as easy to grow as any other tough plant, It must go outside each summer to thrive. Here is all our advice on caring for it! My whole place is nothing but clay, and I dug it to a depth of .6 m and buried any organic matter I could find (dead leaves, etc.) Good luck with your palm! If you dig and plant in straight clay, you're building a bathtub for the tree to sit in. Dig the hole out at least 1'-2' foot larger than the root ball, and back fill with a good potting soil mix. These characteristics are consistent within a tree, and so are due to genetic rather than environmental factors. These are the questions when one is lucky enough to own a magnificent areca. Windmill palms are widely adaptable, and can be transplanted in most soils, however clay and hard rocky soil should be removed and replaced with a soil amendment. It produces large plumes of yellow flowers in early summer; the flowers of female plants transform into bluish-black fruits. They do well in most well-drained soils. Sand-based soil, like sandy loam, provides the best earth environment for spreading palm … Step 2. It is however tolerant to a full sun as well. Get in touch with us and we'll talk... Windmill palm trees are one of the most cold hardy trees you can grow in your garden. Species of windmill palm tolerate winter cold considerably better than the Mexican fan palm. In cultivation this palm has been grown even in areas with distinctly cool temperate climates including much of Europe (as least as far north as the UK, Ireland, Belgium, Holland, France, Germany, Denmark, southern Scandinavia, and westward to Bulgaria and Crimea), North America (north to coastal British Columbia, Canada and coastal areas of Washington State and southward, and in the eastern USA as far north as coastal Virginia and the deep south states), as well as Tasmania and New Zealand (where it is considered an invasive species). Slow-growing, it will take this indoor palm plant several years to reach this height. For this reason it can be grown in both hot and cool summer areas, provided winter lows don’t get too cold. Wide and deep holes make it very easy for the tree to spread the roots and grow well. What’s the Best Weed Killer for Bermuda Grass? All these factors are necessarily. The rain lily, genus Zephyranthes, AKA zephyr lily, Top Ten Invasive Ornamental Plants You Shouldn’t Have in Your Garden, The staghorn fern, Platycerium bifurcatum, a cold hardy subtropical fern, Cultivating Paphiopedilum armeniacum, the cold hardy Chinese yellow slipper orchid, Where to buy lady slipper orchids online – North American sources. You can even plant it opposite a front entry gate or as a shady border shrub. Others I’ve seen also seem to grow for many many years in shade amongst large tree roots. 1. Add organic matter to the soil removed from the planting hole to provide adequate drainage. The windmill palm is one of the hardiest palm trees available, allowing you to add a splash of tropical flavor to your temperate garden. Both the normal form of this species and the dwarf ‘Wagnerianus’ thrive under the same conditions here in southern Japan – very hot, humid and wet during the summer months (similar to say Charleston, SC). One winter we had 2 ft of snow for 2 weeks ( a rarity here) with no issues. Chinese windmill palms may be shoot-hardy to Zone 6 if protected with 10 inches of mulch. For this, one should dig the soil twice the size of its root ball. Currently most botanists do not consider it distinct from T. fortunei, probably in part due to the fact that no known wild populations exist (and therefore no type material for botanical analysis). Windmill is really only a zone 7 or warmer palm (long term). Windmill palm trees flower too. Purchased from realpalmtrees.com I mixed local compost and earthworm castings into soil. The following table covers information related to the recommended zones for growing a windmill palm: A windmill palm tree requires a shaded or partially shaded region to grow. It is found in Taiwan and southern Japan, but its occurrence here is most likely a product of cultivation. These fronds extend to about 1.5 feet in length. Soil Needs Light and well-drained soils are imperative for healthy palm tree growth. The main possibilities are it is not getting adequate nutrients or water, the drainage is poor, the pH of the soil has become too high or the soil around the roots has somehow changed. The soil is a bit more sandy and loamy near the surface but getting beyond 1 foot down+ it has more rocks, sand, and clay. The petioles are nearly bare except for a two rows of small spines, and can be up to a meter long. Some types of palms have a single trunk and can be used as solitary specimen plants while others are clumping and are used in groups. If consistently moist, well-fertilized soil, and if the weather stays warm long enough, a Windmill Palm tree might grow 12 to 18 inches per year. Fill it up with potting soil and press firmly. 20 inches per year is possible, but rare. You can also water it and see if that helps. How to Make a Windmill Palm Grow Fast Step 1. Windmill palm tree is one of the most adaptable palms you can grow. Some older trees have clear trunks that are grey in color. However, once established, Windmill palm is incredibly drought tolerant! I have a windmill palm that my late husband planted 25 years ago when it was just 2 feet tall. Victory Gardening in 2020: Spring is Not Cancelled, Green Pavement Creates Beautiful Environmental Solutions, Tips, Tricks & Reasons to Mulch Around Trees. Soil must be well drained and moist. Windmill Palm Tree is a moderate growing tree and palm that can be grown in USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 8A through 10B. The leaf bases which make up the fibrous covering over the trunk typically only fall off in very old specimens, so if your tree is fairly young that is unusual. A patio or balcony facing west or south is ideal. It grows very well in full sun if the roots are well watered, but the fronds will tend to grow more compact. It has 3 separate trunks. Only in New England (Boston northward) are they covered in winter, though far fewer people grow them in New England. Oddly enough, it wasn’t described until 1850 under an illegitimate name, and later in 1861 by its present name. Windmill Palm (Trachycarpus fortunei) is a native Asian species with varieties ranging from 3 to 40 ft. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. You can even propagate windmill palm tree seeds. Root rot is a problem and can cause the tree to die suddenly and completely, but this condition is rare (I do see this fairly often in wild trees in the forests of Japan though). It grows in tree form with a slender trunk. Here’s the perfect cold hardy palm if you just can’t live without that tropical look. If not, I wouldn’t worry about it, but do keep an eye on it. Or fertilizing? Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. I have windmill palms that I planted in 2001. Make sure you water the windmill palm regularly as drought-like conditions actually lower its already slow growth rate. The windmill palm (Trachycarpus fortunei) is a hardy palm which thrives in our region. It is fast-growing and trouble-free and will bring a touch of the exotic to any garden. The obvious reason being that these tropical trees cannot survive a temperature below 59° F (15° C). Give the Windmill Palm plenty of water immediately after planting. Likewise, clay soils do not seem to be much of a problem since this tree is commonly grown in the southern states of the USA, famous for their red clay. The kidney shaped seeds mature to a blue-black color by late fall and winter. Dig the hole out at least 1'-2' foot larger than the root ball, and back fill with a good potting soil mix. BTW, since this form has no type specimen from a wild population it does not have varietal status, so would be referred to by the cultivar name ‘Wagnerianus’ instead of v. wagnerianus. Much has been written about and asserted concerning the limits of this plant’s ability to endure cold. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Palms and cycads are very versatile in the landscape. The soil here is red clay. This year one of them looks like someone took a saw and cut the hairy trunk all the way around the circumference. After planting the tree, the surface should be covered with soil mixed with sand. Sow the seeds in spring or fall at about 75° F. The seeds take about 8 to 12 weeks to germinate. Trees-Acacia. It is much more compact in all respects and coveted as a garden plant, being called “much prettier than fortunei” by most growers. Windmill palms are widely adaptable, and can be transplanted in most soils, however clay and hard rocky soil should be removed and replaced with a soil amendment. I bring it in for the winter and outside in the spring. It holds water, and it's full of nutrients. Clusters of flowers (called spadices) emerge and elongate into downward arcing scapes up to a meter long and carry hundreds of flowers each. It is odd how some things work out. The windmill palm, Trachycarpus fortunei, is the most cold hardy of the arborescent palms found anywhere in the world – at least as far as we know. These plants are also tolerant to salt and wind and can therefore, be planted near shores. Don’t even bother getting into what a “form” is verses a “variety”, etc. Tom. then you may have a problem. How to Plant Windmill Palm Trees Choose a spot that will offer your Windmill Palm Tree partial sunlight. Hello everyone. Most sources list it as being native to elevations of no more than 2400 meters anywhere south of the Qin Mountains of Shanxii Province in north-central China, and westward through Sichuan and up to the edge of the Tibetan Plateau, with the apparent main distribution having been in the Yangtze River Valley. Windmill Palm trees typically grow less than 8 inches per year. Windmill palm trees are one of the few palm trees that can survive the cold, northern winters. It is ideal for use as an accent in a shady shrub border or by a front entryway. Windmill Palms grow up the East Coast of the USA well north of Virginia. Soil – soil mix Foliage – evergreen. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). We have several windmills in our yard in Portland, OR. Others have perished in that time. Thanks for the head’s up on the spelling error, I’m sure there are hundreds of them around. I live in Sumter, SC, with thin top soil, then a clay-sandy underlayer. Dig the hole out at least 1'-2' foot larger than the root ball, and back fill with a good potting soil mix. Texas Redbud. Windmill palm care includes the aspect of proper soil conditions and the right ways to plant it. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. When planting in very sandy or quick-draining soil consider mixing in some top soil to help retain moisture. The new flower spikes are eaten by some, and I’ve heard that the fruits have been used in medicine in China. Copyright © Gardenerdy & Buzzle.com, Inc.