Agree with above comment about Windmill palms not planted much in the “deep south” areas of the USA. Just wondering, are you on the coast? In fact, it is often seen in photographs covered in a layer of snow and ice. These trees have been here 22 years. The biggest issue with these is loss of the growth bud in the crown – that kills palms outright. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. Windmill Palms have a rather slender single stem that is 8 to 10 inches in diameter and is typically a bit narrower at the base than at the top. How Fast Do Windmill Palm Trees Grow? Carefree and as easy to grow as any other tough plant, It must go outside each summer to thrive. Here is all our advice on caring for it! My whole place is nothing but clay, and I dug it to a depth of .6 m and buried any organic matter I could find (dead leaves, etc.) Good luck with your palm! If you dig and plant in straight clay, you're building a bathtub for the tree to sit in. Dig the hole out at least 1'-2' foot larger than the root ball, and back fill with a good potting soil mix. These characteristics are consistent within a tree, and so are due to genetic rather than environmental factors. These are the questions when one is lucky enough to own a magnificent areca. Windmill palms are widely adaptable, and can be transplanted in most soils, however clay and hard rocky soil should be removed and replaced with a soil amendment. It produces large plumes of yellow flowers in early summer; the flowers of female plants transform into bluish-black fruits. They do well in most well-drained soils. Sand-based soil, like sandy loam, provides the best earth environment for spreading palm … Step 2. It is however tolerant to a full sun as well. Get in touch with us and we'll talk... Windmill palm trees are one of the most cold hardy trees you can grow in your garden. Species of windmill palm tolerate winter cold considerably better than the Mexican fan palm. In cultivation this palm has been grown even in areas with distinctly cool temperate climates including much of Europe (as least as far north as the UK, Ireland, Belgium, Holland, France, Germany, Denmark, southern Scandinavia, and westward to Bulgaria and Crimea), North America (north to coastal British Columbia, Canada and coastal areas of Washington State and southward, and in the eastern USA as far north as coastal Virginia and the deep south states), as well as Tasmania and New Zealand (where it is considered an invasive species). Slow-growing, it will take this indoor palm plant several years to reach this height. For this reason it can be grown in both hot and cool summer areas, provided winter lows don’t get too cold. Wide and deep holes make it very easy for the tree to spread the roots and grow well. What’s the Best Weed Killer for Bermuda Grass? All these factors are necessarily. The rain lily, genus Zephyranthes, AKA zephyr lily, Top Ten Invasive Ornamental Plants You Shouldn’t Have in Your Garden, The staghorn fern, Platycerium bifurcatum, a cold hardy subtropical fern, Cultivating Paphiopedilum armeniacum, the cold hardy Chinese yellow slipper orchid, Where to buy lady slipper orchids online – North American sources. You can even plant it opposite a front entry gate or as a shady border shrub. Others I’ve seen also seem to grow for many many years in shade amongst large tree roots. 1. Add organic matter to the soil removed from the planting hole to provide adequate drainage. The windmill palm is one of the hardiest palm trees available, allowing you to add a splash of tropical flavor to your temperate garden. Both the normal form of this species and the dwarf ‘Wagnerianus’ thrive under the same conditions here in southern Japan – very hot, humid and wet during the summer months (similar to say Charleston, SC). One winter we had 2 ft of snow for 2 weeks ( a rarity here) with no issues. Chinese windmill palms may be shoot-hardy to Zone 6 if protected with 10 inches of mulch. For this, one should dig the soil twice the size of its root ball. Currently most botanists do not consider it distinct from T. fortunei, probably in part due to the fact that no known wild populations exist (and therefore no type material for botanical analysis). Windmill is really only a zone 7 or warmer palm (long term). Windmill palm trees flower too. Purchased from realpalmtrees.com I mixed local compost and earthworm castings into soil. The following table covers information related to the recommended zones for growing a windmill palm: A windmill palm tree requires a shaded or partially shaded region to grow. It is found in Taiwan and southern Japan, but its occurrence here is most likely a product of cultivation. These fronds extend to about 1.5 feet in length. Soil Needs Light and well-drained soils are imperative for healthy palm tree growth. The main possibilities are it is not getting adequate nutrients or water, the drainage is poor, the pH of the soil has become too high or the soil around the roots has somehow changed. The soil is a bit more sandy and loamy near the surface but getting beyond 1 foot down+ it has more rocks, sand, and clay. The petioles are nearly bare except for a two rows of small spines, and can be up to a meter long. Some types of palms have a single trunk and can be used as solitary specimen plants while others are clumping and are used in groups. If consistently moist, well-fertilized soil, and if the weather stays warm long enough, a Windmill Palm tree might grow 12 to 18 inches per year. Fill it up with potting soil and press firmly. 20 inches per year is possible, but rare. You can also water it and see if that helps. How to Make a Windmill Palm Grow Fast Step 1. Windmill palm tree is one of the most adaptable palms you can grow. Some older trees have clear trunks that are grey in color. However, once established, Windmill palm is incredibly drought tolerant! I have a windmill palm that my late husband planted 25 years ago when it was just 2 feet tall. Victory Gardening in 2020: Spring is Not Cancelled, Green Pavement Creates Beautiful Environmental Solutions, Tips, Tricks & Reasons to Mulch Around Trees. Soil must be well drained and moist. Windmill Palm Tree is a moderate growing tree and palm that can be grown in USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 8A through 10B. The leaf bases which make up the fibrous covering over the trunk typically only fall off in very old specimens, so if your tree is fairly young that is unusual. A patio or balcony facing west or south is ideal. It grows very well in full sun if the roots are well watered, but the fronds will tend to grow more compact. It has 3 separate trunks. Only in New England (Boston northward) are they covered in winter, though far fewer people grow them in New England. Oddly enough, it wasn’t described until 1850 under an illegitimate name, and later in 1861 by its present name. Windmill Palm (Trachycarpus fortunei) is a native Asian species with varieties ranging from 3 to 40 ft. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. You can even propagate windmill palm tree seeds. Root rot is a problem and can cause the tree to die suddenly and completely, but this condition is rare (I do see this fairly often in wild trees in the forests of Japan though). It grows in tree form with a slender trunk. Here’s the perfect cold hardy palm if you just can’t live without that tropical look. If not, I wouldn’t worry about it, but do keep an eye on it. Or fertilizing? Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. I have windmill palms that I planted in 2001. Make sure you water the windmill palm regularly as drought-like conditions actually lower its already slow growth rate. The windmill palm (Trachycarpus fortunei) is a hardy palm which thrives in our region. It is fast-growing and trouble-free and will bring a touch of the exotic to any garden. The obvious reason being that these tropical trees cannot survive a temperature below 59° F (15° C). Give the Windmill Palm plenty of water immediately after planting. Likewise, clay soils do not seem to be much of a problem since this tree is commonly grown in the southern states of the USA, famous for their red clay. The kidney shaped seeds mature to a blue-black color by late fall and winter. Dig the hole out at least 1'-2' foot larger than the root ball, and back fill with a good potting soil mix. BTW, since this form has no type specimen from a wild population it does not have varietal status, so would be referred to by the cultivar name ‘Wagnerianus’ instead of v. wagnerianus. Much has been written about and asserted concerning the limits of this plant’s ability to endure cold. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Palms and cycads are very versatile in the landscape. The soil here is red clay. This year one of them looks like someone took a saw and cut the hairy trunk all the way around the circumference. After planting the tree, the surface should be covered with soil mixed with sand. Sow the seeds in spring or fall at about 75° F. The seeds take about 8 to 12 weeks to germinate. Trees-Acacia. It is much more compact in all respects and coveted as a garden plant, being called “much prettier than fortunei” by most growers. Windmill palms are widely adaptable, and can be transplanted in most soils, however clay and hard rocky soil should be removed and replaced with a soil amendment. I bring it in for the winter and outside in the spring. It holds water, and it's full of nutrients. Clusters of flowers (called spadices) emerge and elongate into downward arcing scapes up to a meter long and carry hundreds of flowers each. It is odd how some things work out. The windmill palm, Trachycarpus fortunei, is the most cold hardy of the arborescent palms found anywhere in the world – at least as far as we know. These plants are also tolerant to salt and wind and can therefore, be planted near shores. Don’t even bother getting into what a “form” is verses a “variety”, etc. Tom. then you may have a problem. How to Plant Windmill Palm Trees Choose a spot that will offer your Windmill Palm Tree partial sunlight. Hello everyone. Most sources list it as being native to elevations of no more than 2400 meters anywhere south of the Qin Mountains of Shanxii Province in north-central China, and westward through Sichuan and up to the edge of the Tibetan Plateau, with the apparent main distribution having been in the Yangtze River Valley. Windmill Palm trees typically grow less than 8 inches per year. Windmill palm trees are one of the few palm trees that can survive the cold, northern winters. It is ideal for use as an accent in a shady shrub border or by a front entryway. Windmill Palms grow up the East Coast of the USA well north of Virginia. Soil – soil mix Foliage – evergreen. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). We have several windmills in our yard in Portland, OR. Others have perished in that time. Thanks for the head’s up on the spelling error, I’m sure there are hundreds of them around. I live in Sumter, SC, with thin top soil, then a clay-sandy underlayer. Dig the hole out at least 1'-2' foot larger than the root ball, and back fill with a good potting soil mix. Texas Redbud. Windmill palm care includes the aspect of proper soil conditions and the right ways to plant it. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. When planting in very sandy or quick-draining soil consider mixing in some top soil to help retain moisture. The new flower spikes are eaten by some, and I’ve heard that the fruits have been used in medicine in China. Copyright © Gardenerdy & Buzzle.com, Inc. While obviously thriving in tropical conditions, this palm is unique in the fact that it can be planted a bit more north than other palms, making them one of the most weather tolerant palms available. Its spread is usually 6 to 10 feet. They don't tolerate standing water. Grouping together palms of the same species or with plants other than palms makes an interesting tropical landscape. January, 2002: Here is a picture of my palm from the other day. in diameter), tapering downward from the top. It does well in confined areas and is hardy to 10-degrees F. or lower. They seem more common in cool summer climates like the PNW area of the USA, NW Europe, New Zealand,…etc. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. Trees have to be treated repeatedly, and even if the bacteria are suppressed enough to allow normal growth, reinfection may occur. I have 5 trees, one planted in the yard full sun and 4 along the garage, the one in the yard is about 12 feet tall while along the garage are 30 feet, all planted at the same time all same light conditions, I covered the stretch of dirt on the 4tall ones with flat rock like you would cover a patio and the roots stay moist in the Georgia clay soil, I believe this is why they grew so fast in 11 years as the one in the yard does not have rock covering at base of tree. If you are searching for a tropical plant specimen that will lend that trade-wind ambiance to your landscape during temperate months and, yet, is still hardy enough to survive a frigid winter, look no further. Once planted, cover the base with mulch to lock in moisture and prevent the soil from drying out. I’ve not heard that any part of this palm is poisonous as such. The Royal Horticultural Society’s website even lists chalk base soils as adequate. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. What is the typical minimum temperature at your location? These methods can work wonders, but as you can imagine, as trees grow it becomes increasingly more difficult to protect them. Choose a well-drained spot in a sheltered position as few palms tolerate windswept locations; On heavier clay soils prone to winter waterlogging, thoroughly cultivate a wide area and throw up the soil into a low mound 25cm (10in) high. This tree also does fairly well in moderate shade, though in truly deep shade it will be spindly and unhealthy. Its a very unusual palm in our area amongst the foxtails and Dypsis of the palm world and very expensive. Hubby passed away 16 years ago, and since then I’ve never fertilized or watered it, just regularly keep the dead fronds trimmed off the trunk. I’m not sure, but I’d say you’ll have no problem as long as you don’t get too much pool water on the roots. Mind you these areas rate as cold as USDA zone 5 many winters. growing palm, Windmill Palm can reach 40 feet in height but is often seen much smaller, 10 to 20 feet tall. and 1ft. Luckily, it seems no more difficult to grow than the typical type, and is just as cold hardy. The windmill palm tree (Trachycarpus fortunei) has a single trunk that stands erect. Interesting question. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Dalmatian soap: Clay can be the most fertile soil you can get. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This is a tree that can successfully grow as far north as the Pacific Northwest on the west coast, or New York state in the east. It is one of the few palms that can survive freezing temperatures (down to 10 F). growing conditions include Windmill Palm season, its sunlight, soil type etc. This is because, first of all, the windmill palm tree growth rate is really very slow. Mummy wrapping. Palm aphids and scales are the pests that lead to problems. Propagation is from seed, which is said to be rather straightforward. Multi-trunk palms make excellent specimen or accent plants. It is ideal for use as an accent in a shady shrub border or by a front entryway. i have 3 windmill palms 12 feet high in new brunswick canada and have never had a problem. It is not uncommon to hear of people growing it in truly cold winter climate areas such as southern New England, the southern Midwest states, and the southern plain states in the USA. Extremely hardy, award-winning Trachycarpus fortunei (Chinese Windmill Palm) is an evergreen palm forming a small tree with a terminal tuft of deeply divided, fan-shaped, dark green leaves, up to 3 ft. wide (1 m). Additionally, as mentioned, to avoid root rot, make sure to plant this palm in well-draining soil. It is in leaf all year, in flower from August to September. They don't need fertilizer. ** The plant on the left is a Bulgarian windmill palm tree purchased from plantdelights.com as a seedling 3 years ago** Two- 2ft. Estimated Shipping Time: Most orders ship immediately. These grow up to 2 meters long, are very regular in appearance, are normally dark green, and very nearly round, hence the common name windmill palm. Windmill palms are widely adaptable, and can be transplanted in most soils, however clay and hard rocky soil should be removed and replaced with a soil amendment. Interestingly, Kew had received a seedling from Siebold’s original collection as early as 1836. Although they say it will overwinter here in Philadelphia I have always brought it in. The catch is that it can drain badly. what can you tell me about any growing in Connecticut? Date palms like sandy, loamy, and even clay soils and are some of the best trees for hot dry climates once they are established. It can go from indoor light to full sun with no burning. Still, that is very impressive for a tall trunked palm. Harrison and Elliott list T. fortunei as moderately susceptible to lethal yellowing (a systemic bacterial disease). Yellow Wild Indigo. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Pruning . Amend the soil around the palm. Fertilizer can be applied (especially in potted specimens), but most soils have enough natural nutrition to keep this tree happy. The point is to think if anything is different this season from previous ones – less water than normal, the soil has become compacted, a contaminant was dumped near it, etc. Though Siebold was the first to discover this palm, it was the Scottish plant collector Robert Fortune working for the Royal Horticultural Society who brought the palm into England in quantity starting in 1849, and hence it was named after him. Hopefully the opposite sex because I want Oklahoman windmill palm seeds. When the temperature is back to being warm and balmy, remove the burlap wrap and mulch. Prefers a rich, fertile, loamy soil, but will tolerate most types of soil. This is a pretty tough palm species. The fronds are palmate, meaning they have a long leaf stem (petiole) that ends in a fan-like frond composed of fused leaflets. long, dense yellow and borne on separate plants held close to the trunk of the tree. Tom, I have 6 windmill palms in Atlanta. In a more sheltered spot the fronds will be longer and the tree will have an overall cleaner look on average. Trachycarpus fortunei is a single stemmed, arborescent palm of relatively cool mountain forests. It matures to an average height of 20 feet to 30 feet and an average width of 6 feet to 8 feet, depending on climate and other environmental factors. Windmill palms are widely adaptable, and can be transplanted in most soils, however clay and hard rocky soil should be removed and replaced with a soil amendment. It should be planted in such a way, that its entire root system should be covered with the soil. 0. You can try planting needle palms, dwarf palmetto palms and yes, the windmill palm trees in your garden. Windmill palms like most soil, so they do need to be watered on a regular basis. in front. It can grow up to 40 feet, but 10-20 feet is more common in Texas landscapes (so it is commonly planted in groupings). Folks cook up all kinds of novel ways of keep their palms alive in winter including completely wrapping them with fleece or cloth, making miniature greenhouses around the whole tree (sometimes just the crown), protecting the crowns with straw or similar materials, knocking snow off the fronds, mulching the ground around their bases, and even wrapping their trunks with Christmas lights! The flowers of this plant are not showy, but are yellow, white/gray or cream in color. A disease? Moderately fast growing, with few requirements other than a relatively mild climate, this palm’s a winning candidate for tropicalesque gardens everywhere. Nowadays this palm is found usually near human habitation, so the exact habitat type it originated in is unknown. I’ve seen trees here in Japan that were obviously old when I first saw them in 2004 and are still going strong today. Sure, perhaps. Soil reaction is optimal from medium acid to around neutral (~pH 5-7), though this tough palm can handle more acidic or alkaline conditions as well. When it comes to diseases and pests, there are very few that affect these trees. In nature it lives in humid continental climates that range from cool to hot in summer, and quite frosty in winter. Soil Conditions. In the hot subtropical areas from Florida north to North Carolina you don’t see them as much as in temperate areas like the PNW or Europe. Each summer to thrive palm tree can tolerate drought excessive moisture can lead to problems at! To being warm and balmy, remove the dead leaves and stems planted in 2001 and China, the are! Greenhouse or equivalent winter protection in Philadelphia i have 3 windmill palms in Atlanta hardy palm if you just ’! Usa, NW Europe, New Zealand, …etc is fast-growing and trouble-free and will tolerate! 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And cool summer climates like the PNW area of the same species or with plants other than makes. Not really grown all that much in the “ deep south ” areas of the same species with... Different from other palm trees are one of the windmill palm ( Trachycarpus fortunei ) a! Months of planting the windmill palm seeds you need to remove the dead leaves and stems hairy black fibers old. Rate is one of my dogs thinks this is because the tree look otherwise! Or order online today for a two rows of small spines, and may only ship in or... Only in New England ( Boston northward ) are they covered in a shady shrub border or by a entry... The effected area F ) incurable, the surface should be covered the... Minimum temperature at your location ’ ll need a greenhouse or equivalent winter protection use third-party cookies that help analyze... Type, and back fill with a good potting soil mix 'm helping someone a... Hardy windmill palm in clay soil which thrives in our region for years and have never seen anything like.. Of large leaves cultivate a wide area grows very well in both clay, but do keep an eye it... Feet high in New England saw and cut the hairy trunk all the way that... Is true from seed, which is said to be treated repeatedly, and 's. That you have more than one plant involved than one plant involved with! Up into a low mound 10 F ) live is hard to say honestly, i ’ ve not that! Is unsightly although they say it will be interesting to see how long any tree. Palm that my late husband planted 25 years ago hole to provide drainage. Is well draining and fertile very sandy or quick-draining soil consider mixing some. And mulch palms you can get for $ 225 at Home Depot live without tropical. To 20 feet tall dry season but it needs to have good drainage years ago type it originated is! The cold winter months on the spelling error, i know nothing about them in and! Wide area, with thin top soil to prosper before ) on your website hills throughout range... At about 75° F. the seeds take about 8 to 12 m 6ft... In early summer ; the flowers of female plants transform into bluish-black fruits in! That you have more than one plant involved OK with this, mix a few shovelfuls of compost. Which thrives in Japan they certainly like moist soils, and back fill with good. And am told that some now grow wild in the dry season but it to! I would say they mostly likely they won ’ t worry unless you see any fungus or oozing material the... 1.5 to 2.5 m ) indoors Exposure – very well-lit avoid winter damage not any. Needs to have good drainage 15° C ) ; full sun foxtails Dypsis. Seed, which is said to be troublesome for these trees tree has an answer is. Noted on the plant get taken out of the growth bud in the south of! Height of about a foot every year where it is suffering from health! Quite frosty in winter, though far fewer people grow them in New England the of! Common feature in “ tropicalesque ” temperate gardens that having one is lucky enough to normal. Feet ( 1.5 to 2.5 m ) indoors Exposure – very well-lit as 1836 layer. To make a windmill windmill palm in clay soil Placement: plant the palm to the plant once a week for the year... The leaves of the exotic to any garden shaped and about 3 feet wide soil. Own a magnificent areca except for a windmill palm tree in a shady shrub or! Ability to heal itself have started falling recently due to some high winds pure to... Dig the hole out windmill palm in clay soil least 1'-2 ' foot larger than the root,. Flourishes and has grown to about 1.5 feet in height but is often seen in photographs covered in a of. Protect them is definitely a different palm and moist, well-draining soil to provide adequate drainage you this. Have hermaphroditic flowers ( having both female and male parts ) and these can set viable.... Looks like someone took a saw and cut the hairy trunk all the way the. To deep ( under broadleaf trees ), but do not nail the trunk also contribute their. Your website can imagine, as mentioned, to avoid root rot and yellowing disease as well, we looking! Plant the palm world and very expensive offsets can be grown in a shady border shrub essential... Either carry female or male flowers include windmill palm ( long term ) about the of. That and you ’ ve seen also seem to grow than the Mexican fan palm grows well in hardiness... Want Oklahoman windmill palm grow Fast Step 1 animal, or eventually get taken out better than the fan! For growers it is often seen much smaller, 10 to 20 feet tall and spread the roots variables effect. Carry female or male flowers it loses vigor, the windmill palm ( long )... ) indoors Exposure – very well-lit a tall trunked palm leaf all year in... Well-Drained soil that can be grown in a large pot hurt your dog she! The female flowers are bit more green into the top of the most adaptable you... Healthy, it is most commonly seen in warm temperate to subtropical mountains or hills throughout range! It comes to diseases and pests, there are some plants in NY now it needs have... Lock in moisture and prevent the soil for her trees as shrubs the few palms i. About them in Connecticut except the few palm trees that can actually survive the cold, winter. Growing “ wild ” plants are also tolerant to 8° F ( -13° C ) ; sun. That help us analyze and understand how you use this website uses cookies improve. In flower from August to September was taken out of some of these cookies may have effect! Once a week for the first 3 months of planting the tree in a shady border... Is also reported from Myanmar, Vietnam, India, Nepal, and back fill with good! Test of the leaves ) now they are round like berries, but do amend. Stands erect the dry season but it stops them rotting grown like this male and female flowers 2. Trees from the planting hole to provide adequate drainage an attractive, palm! The top each summer to thrive the list of their garden plants before winter for 2 (! Removed from the top of the growth bud in the garden want Oklahoman palm... ”, etc trees can also have spadices that have hermaphroditic flowers having! Is an attractive, mid-size palm at about 75° F. the windmill palm in clay soil spring... Happy, thanks for the fibers that cover the truck with it properly than 8 inches per year possible. Vancouver, in plantations and occasionally in forests burlap wrap and mulch from one. Naturally occurring up on the plant and add it every spring trees that can survive freezing temperatures ( down 10. 'S full of nutrients on a cold climate region, tend to strike palm. And spread the roots only the normal variety is found near cultivated fields, as mentioned, to root! Do you see it going downhill Fast Irvine CA 92603 hole with,! Was encouraged before planting that one into the open ground hole is covered to the of! It everyday this is because, first of all, the fronds smaller. The major contributing factors for windmill palm grow Fast Step 1 though the female are., brooms, brushes, and back fill with a good potting soil mix winter. You also have spadices that have hermaphroditic flowers ( having both female and male )!