Place and date: Ploesti Raid, Rumania, 23 June 1944. Ploesti was Hitler’s oil supply, so it had to burn. Below are photos of Hitler's Ploesti Oil Fields, destroyed by raids made by Charles Sorensen's B-24 Liberator Bombers made at the Ford Willow Run Plant in Michigan in WW2. About 30 percent of the oil consumed by the German economy was refined in Ploesti, and some estimates claimed that target destruction would shorten the war by six months. Early in World War II, the Allies identified Ploesti as … This vintage newsreel documents the daring bombing mission over the oil fields of Nazi-controlled Ploesti, Romania. Romania was Hitler’s major source of oil, since he had failed to conquer the Russian fields. On June 6, 1944, flying back to Italy from their target, the oil fields of Ploesti, Romania, “Windy City” was hit by German anti-aircraft. Includes great B-24 footage as well as some gun camera footage. Romania was the site of the famed German-controlled oil fields of Ploesti, the target of heavy Allied bombing during the war. He stuck right in formation with us. Pilot Lyle Spencer, co-pilot Harry J. Baker, bombardier Boyden Supiani. On August 1, 1943, the USAAF staged Operation Tidalwave—a daring, surprise low-level B-24 raid against the Axis’ critical source of fuel, the oil fields in Ploesti, Romania. See more ideas about wwii bomber, ww2, wwii aircraft. The attack was to take place between the end of the North African campaign and the invasion of Sicily and would emanate from recently evacuated fields around Benghazi in Libya. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of life above and beyond the call of duty, 23 June 1944 near Ploesti, Rumania, while flying as bombardier of a B17 type aircraft. Earl Zimmerman, a radio operator during the Ploesti mission, has this to say about the origin of the insignia: "I first learned of the name Sky Scorpions during the early 1960s when the book Ploesti … PLOESTI OIL FIELDS, AIR RAIDS ON. P loesti was a vast complex of oil refinery facilities located some 30 miles north of Bucharest, Romania. * U.S. Willow Run: Colossus of American Industry Page 5-10 The B-24 Liberator bombers flew from Benghazi, Libya, North Africa, with directions to descend on the Ploesti Oil Fields at treetop level, bomb the refineries, and return. It was one of the largest producers in Europe and Ploiesti was a major part of that production. Only by hitting and destroying specific structures like the boiler houses, cracking towers, powerhouses, and stills would a modern oil plant be put out of action. Back again to the guns out in the fields at the old familiar target, the Xenia Oil Refinery, Ploesti. 2nd wave of B-24 Liberators approach the Ploesti oil refineries, Ploesti Romania, Aug 1 1943. PLOESTI OIL FIELDS, AIR RAIDS ON (1941–1944). In the summer of 1943, the USAAF decided to stage a major raid on Ploesti from air bases in Libya. Completing 450 missions after the first Ploesti raid, HALPRO, the 1 st PBG, and the 376th sustained the loss of 1479 officers and men. In addition to the 10 refineries at Ploesti, which produced perhaps one-third of Germany’s oil, there was a wide network of targets like Giurgiu: storage facilities, transportation routes and shipment points. The 280 heavy anti-aircraft guns at Ploesti had turned the trick for the first time of keeping the 461st from reaching its target. By the second half of 1944, once the advancing Red Army had torn Ploesti and its oil fields back out of the Third Reich, Hitler's forces had become almost entirely dependent on synthetic fuel production. At the time, the Romanian Ploesti oil fields produced about a third of all Axis oil, and was Germany’s single most important fuel source. The campaign against the Ploesti oil refineries, distribution system and infrastructure was one of the epic battles of the war. Romania had been a big participant in the oil industry since the 1800s. http://digilander.libero.it/romanoarchives/http://www.webalice.it/romanoarchivesMix of Allied and German rarely seen color footage.Sunday, Aug. 1, 1943. By Jay A. Stout. The Ploesti oil-refining complex produced 60 percent of the petroleum products used by the Axis in Europe; the remainder was spread over many small complexes in … The synthetic fuel facilities became primary Allied bombing targets. 1st August 1943: USAAF long distance, low level raid on Ploesti oil fields I looked out to the right for a moment and saw a sheet of raw gasoline trailing Pete’s left wing. Bombing Raids on the Ploesti Oil Fields 1942-43 These two films commemorate the costly missions flown by the US Army Air Force against the Ploesti oil fields in Romania in 1943-44. For some, Lady Luck frowned, but for others, she gave her friendliest smile. Romania (via the Ploesti oil fields and refining complexes) supplied near all of Germany’s “normal” petroleum products – with the balance largely coming from “synthetic” methods of producing close-enough products from other starting resources (such as coal, which Germany had in abundance). To learn more about The Military Network, go to www.redafilms.com In August 1943, 179 American bombers set out to do the job. In 1943 and 1944, British and American planes targeted the Ploesti oil fields in Romania, a German ally. A third of them would never return. G.O. Halverson earned the Silver Star for leading the Ploesti raid. Ploesti’s (pronounced Ploi-yhest) refineries were arranged like the reefs and islands around a lagoon, with the city in the center. The Ploesti oil fields produced a third of all Axis oil in Europe, so it … Finally, the air raids on the Ploesti oil fields and refineries in August 1943 destroyed 50 percent of the Romanian refinery capacity. During the unescorted 1,000 mile flight from Libya, clouds broke the formation into two groups and a … Oct 24, 2016 - Explore john m's board "Ploesti, Romania ww2" on Pinterest. Mission #79—10 August 1944 Target: Ploesti Xenia Oil Refinery, Roumania . It supplied an estimated sixty percent of the refined oil necessary to keep the German war machine running. They made a difficult target. 14 B-24s can be seen in this image. Such was the case for a crew with the 451st Bomb Group of the 15th Air Force, B-24 tail # 42-7757, nicknamed “Windy City”. The Ploesti oil-refining complex produced 60 percent of the petroleum products used by the Axis in Europe; the remainder was spread over many small complexes in Germany and the occupied countries. B-24 Liberators at low altitude while approaching the oil refineries at Ploesti, Romania, August 1, 1943. August 1st marks the 73rd Anniversary of the first mission. Ploesti 1943 – The Great Raid On Hitler’s Romanian Oil Refineries Operation Tidal Wave was one of the boldest and most controversial air raids by the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF). Three refineries lost 100 percent of … See more ideas about wwii aircraft, ww2 aircraft, ww2 planes. Ironically, Ploesti’s first refineries had been built with American backing, but nine decades later Bucharest was allied with Berlin. As you can see from these tables Romanian oil amounted for 18,8% of the German oil supply in 1940; 29,2% in 1941; 23% in 1942; 22,2% in 1943. Bombers returning from a mission to Ploesti. No. Aerial mining of the Danube River constituted an additional serious transportation impediment. In the words of Winston Churchill, Ploesti was "the taproot of German might." Painting of a Burning B-24 Liberator in the Ploesti Raid in WW2. Dec 30, 2020 - Explore sam stoltz's board "Ploesti", followed by 293 people on Pinterest. TIDALWAVE targeted nine major refineries that produced some 8,595,000 tons of oil annually, about 90 percent of all Rumanian oil production, and the attack temporarily eliminated about 3,925,000 tons, roughly 46 percent of total annual production at Ploesti. SIR WINSTON CHURCHILL called Ploesti, Romania, "the taproot of German might", because this is where the Nazi Third Reich obtained much of its oil. In the foreground is B-24D Li’l Jughaid, serial number 42-63758, Ninth Air Force, 98th Bombardment Group, 415th Bombardment Squadron. This page shows a photo of a burning B-24 Liberator in the raid. Film #2 - The Air Force Story - Ploesti 1944 - This film covers the high-level raid on the Ploesti oil refineries from March to August 1944 by the 8th and 15th Air Forces. Colonel Kane, who was known to his men as Killer Kane, led what was considered one of the most dangerous raids of the war against the Ploesti oil fields on Aug. 1, 1943. Recommended: Imagine a U.S. Air Force That Never Built the B … The plan sounded simple enough on paper: have a swarm of B-24 bombers fly low over Ploesti, Romania, and blast away the Nazi-controlled oil … Ploiesti was a foreshadowing bombing targets major part of that production low altitude while the... 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